The Battle of Midway in the Pacific Nothing distinguished the dawn of June 2,from countless other dawns that had fallen over tiny Midway atoll in the North Pacific.
Nothing, that is, except The battle of the pacific essay tension, the electric tension of men waiting for an enemy to make his move. The carrier battle of Midway, one of the decisive naval battles in history, is well documented.
But the role played by the Midway garrison, which manned the naval air station on the atoll during the battle, is not as well known. Midway lies 1, miles west- northwest of Pearl Harbor, Oahu.
The entire atoll is barely six miles in diameter and consists of Sand and Eastern islands surrounded by a coral reef enclosing a shallow lagoon. Midway was discovered in and annexed by the United States in August In Marchafter a report on U.
Navy Pacific bases declared Midway second only to Pearl Harbor in importance, construction of a formal naval air station began. Midway Naval Air Station was placed in commission in August Sand Island was populated by hundreds of civilian construction workers and a defense battalion of the Fleet Marine Force, while Eastern Island boasted a 5,foot airstrip.
Along with the naval personnel manning the air station was a detachment of Marines. The first detachment was from the Marine 3rd Defense Battalion; it was relieved on September 11,by 34 officers and men from the 6th Defense Battalion under the command of Lt.
Shannon and Simard meshed into an effective team right away. World War II began for Midway at 6: December 7,when the garrison received word of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Three hours later, the Japanese destroyers Sazanami and Ushio opened fire, damaging a seaplane hangar, knocking out the Pan American direction finder and destroying a consolidated PBY Catalina flying boat.
The Japanese retired at Pacific Fleet by attacking Midway. Using Midway as bait and gathering a vast naval armada of eight aircraft carriers, 11 battleships, 23 cruisers, 65 destroyers and several hundred fighters, bombers and torpedo planes, Yamamoto planned to crush the Pacific Fleet once and for all.
Nimitz, commander in chief, Pacific Command, flew to the atoll on May 2,to make a personal inspection. Following his inspection, Nimitz took Simard and Shannon aside and asked them what they needed to defend Midway. They told him their requirements.
It was good enough for Nimitz, who returned to Oahu Robertson On May 20, Shannon and Simard received a letter from Admiral Nimitz, praising their fine work and promoting them to captain and full colonel, respectively. Then Nimitz informed them that the Japanese were planning to attack Midway on May 28; he outlined the Japanese strategy and promised all possible aid.
The explosion destroyedgallons of aviation fuel, and also damaged the distribution system, forcing the defenders to refuel planes by hand from gallon drums.
All the while the Marines continued digging gun emplacements, laying sandbags and preparing shelters on both islands. He ordered so much strung that one Marine exclaimed: Cripes, the old man thinks we can stop planes with barbed wire" Miracle 27!
The defenders also had a large supply of blasting gelatin, which was used to make anti-boat mines and booby traps.
On May 25, while the work continued, Shannon and Simard got some good news. The Japanese attack would come between June 3 and 5, giving them another week to prepare.
That same day, the light cruiser St. Louis arrived, to deliver an eight-gun, 37mm anti-aircraft battery from the Marine 3rd Defense Battalion and two rifle companies from the 2nd Raider Battalion. These planes were specially rigged to carry torpedoes and led by Captain James Collins.The Bloodiest Battle: The Battle of Okinawa Essay.
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Essay The Battle of Midway in the Pacific Nothing distinguished the dawn of June 2, , from countless other dawns that had fallen over tiny Midway atoll in the North Pacific.
Nothing, that is, except the tension, the electric tension of men waiting for an enemy to make his move.
|Battle of Midway: a Turning Point in the Pacific Free Short | Essays & Assignments||The Battle of Midway in the Pacific Nothing distinguished the dawn of June 2,from countless other dawns that had fallen over tiny Midway atoll in the North Pacific.|
|Essay, term paper, research paper: History Essays||Known as the deadliest, most costly and most effective war the world has ever seen, this war brought unimaginable change to all countries involved.|
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On Midway's two main islands, Sand and Eastern, 3, United States Navy and Marine Corps personnel, along with a.
Free Essay: Last and biggest of the Pacific island battles of World War II, the Okinawa campaign (April 1—June 22, ) involved the , troops of the. The Battle of Midway Essay examples Words Nov 5th, 27 Pages Battle of Midway was a major naval battle, widely regarded as the most important one of the Pacific Campaign of World War II..