Definitions[ edit ] The term "sex" in "sex segregation" refers to apparent biological distinctions between men and women, used in contrast to "gender".
Gender Segregation Essay Gender Segregation Essay Gender segregation is the separation of individuals according to their gender or sex. It takes many forms in various social contexts, including schools, workplaces, religious organizations, sporting activities, and health facilities.
The physical construction of public spaces, such as single-sex changing rooms and bathrooms, both reflects and reinforces gender segregation, as do cultural beliefs regarding the social roles of men and women.
These divisions along gender lines result in part from historical and cultural assumptions about the meanings of gender a term that emphasizes the socially constructed dimension of what it means to behave like a man or woman and sex a term that emphasizes the biological dimensions of designation as a man or woman.
As a result of these assumptions and beliefs, women and men may experience horizontal or vertical segregation. Evidence of horizontal segregation is the disproportionate number of women found in jobs or fields of study perceived as requiring nurturing qualities, such as elementary teacher or nurse, or of men disproportionately found in jobs or fields of study perceived as requiring manual labor or rational reasoning skills, such as construction or engineering.
An example of vertical segregation is when men are more likely than women to hold leadership or supervisory positions within the same educational or job environment. Analysts frequently cite gender segregation as an influential determinant in maintaining contemporary inequalities, particularly in the economic sphere.
However, in some instances gender segregation may ameliorate social inequalities. Gender Segregation in Schools In most cultures, girls at some point in history were denied access to institutions offering a formal education to boys. Simultaneously, the number of women-only colleges steadily grew to accommodate the increasing number of women seeking higher education.
Title IX essentially prohibited schools from denying women both admittance and equal access to resources within publicly funded educational institutions. In the United States, although girls and women have gained entry into most educational institutions, gender segregation continues in the subjects that students study and in how children play and work in schools.
Researchers examining the social interactions of young children in traditional learning environments have long noted that boys and girls segregate themselves and that teachers or staff members sometimes encourage students to divide along gender lines.
Gender segregation also occurs in the later years, when students choose elective classes, sports activities, and programs of study. During the onset of adolescence, fewer girls than boys enroll in subjects such as math and science, and most sports activities are gender segregated e.
In vocational programs, gender segregation is particularly visible, with a disproportionate number of girls studying child care and cosmetology and boys studying automotive repairs and woodworking. In colleges and universities, women have steadily enrolled in traditionally male-dominated programs, such as business and law, since the early s.
However, men are not moving as steadily into female-dominated fields, such as early education or nursing.
Although more women than men currently receive postsecondary degrees, they remain under-represented at prestigious colleges and universities in educational programs leading to lucrative careers. However, many researchers challenge the presumption that declines in occupational gender segregation represent substantial change in the gender segregation of the workplace.
Women may have moved into all levels of occupations, but the jobs they attain within those occupational categories often remain divided along gender lines. For example, although many women are now entering the field of medicine, they tend to be clustered in lower-paying specialties such as geriatrics or general medicine.
Additionally, men are more likely than women to have managerial authority and autonomy in the same workplace. Such horizontal and vertical gender segregation has dire economic effects for women, whose jobs often pay less than those traditionally held by men. Such decisions frequently produce vertical and horizontal gender segregation.
Even in countries with strong family policies, such as Sweden and Norway, workplace gender segregation persists, which demonstrates the deep-rooted processes producing both segregation and inequality. Consequently, recent theorists of gender segregation have focused on the gendering not only of individuals but of interactional and organizational processes at all levels of analysis—micro, meso, and macro.
Understanding how processes and not just individuals are gendered provides important insights as to how social institutions play a role in the creation and reproduction of gender and gender segregation.
American Association of University Women. Charles, Maria and David B. The Worldwide Segregation of Women and Men. Sex Segregation and Women S Careers. Reskin, Barbara and Patricia A.
Job Queues, Gender Queues: This example Gender Segregation Essay is published for educational and informational purposes only. If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic please use our writing services.Sex segregation is the physical, legal, and cultural separation of people according to their biological sex..
In certain circumstances, sex segregation is controversial. Some critics contend that it is a violation of capabilities and human rights and can create economic inefficiencies, while some supporters argue that it is central to certain religious laws and social and cultural histories.
Free Essays; Essay on Occupational Segregation; Essay on Occupational Segregation. Words Mar 23rd, 4 Pages.
Sociologists and Theorists equate this type of job inequality phenomenon with occupational sex segregation. Sex segregation in the workplace is one of the most visible signs of inequality in the labor market. In almost every. Sex segregation in the workplace is one of the most visible signs of inequality in the labor market.
In almost every work setting, it is rare to see men and women working at the same job. When they do, they usually perform different tasks, with unequal levels of responsibility and authority.
Read chapter 1. The Significance of Sex Segregation in the Workplace: Even though women have made substantial progress in a number of formerly male occupa. There are adult females all over the universe that take on the occupations that are normally taken by work forces.
Womans working in some traditionally male callings still face major personal and professional barriers to success, despite attempts by Government and other organic structures to change by reversal this tendency.
If a adult female was [ ]. Component Of Gender Inequality Horizontal And Vertical Segregation Sociology Essay Disclaimer: This essay has been submitted by a student.
This is not an example of the work written by our professional essay writers. You can view Overt discrimination also led to occupational sex segregation where jobs are classified by low pay.