They do so as a result of interactions with individuals and social institutions. In different societies each with their own cultures there are different ideas concerning how humans are to behave. Different societies and cultures have different rules, different mores, laws and moral ideas.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Considering the claims of both absolutism and relativism Essay Sample Considering the claims of both absolutism and relativism, discuss the importance of situation ethics as a moral theory.
It basically suggests that a person can do as one wishes as long as their actions involve love. A relativistic approach is a flexible ethical system which can accommodate the wide-diversity of lifestyles found in the word today.
Their morals are subjective to situation, culture, religion, time and place and they believe that in reality, there is no fixed objective, prohibiting the dominance of a single culture.
Although this may allow more freedom for different beliefs and provide less conflict, as we would all accept each others opinions, this unfortunately is not always the case.
Relativists cannot condemn or criticise other unethical cultures which allow scandals such as wife-beating. This maintains that some things are right and others wrong, it involved ethical absolutes, and these are fixed for all time and all people.
Relativism, roughly put, is the view that truth and falsity, right and wrong, standards of reasoning, and procedures of justification are products of differing conventions and frameworks of assessment and that their authority is confined to the context giving rise to them. One relativistic theory of ethics is situationism. Situationism (also known as situation ethics) was devised by Joseph Fletcher, who was strongly against absolutist theories for instance; legalism and also disliked how religions were taught implying there were some rules that could never be broken, as he thought these rules are too demanding and restrictive. Ethical Relativism: the Hands-off Theory Ethical relativism is a simple concept. It is defined as the idea that ethical values are relative to the culture in which they are found. As exemplified in Hinman’s Ethics, a businessman in different parts of the world may use a bribe in order to reach an agreement with an associate, whereas in America, bribes are frowned upon and often illegal.
What is right for you, is the same for me and every other person in the world, unlike relativism the absolutist rules do not change for the situation, culture, religion, time or place.
Therefore situation ethics is a relativistic approach but it has only one absolute, and that is to do what best serves love. Joseph Fletcher, a relativist, expands on situation ethics and the relativistic approach.
His work diverges significantly from traditional Christian ethics and has criticised by tradition Christian moralists, but is more popular today than it was when it was founded in the He rejects both Legalistic ethics and Antinomian ethics but later goes on to discuss situation ethics and why it is the best approach to life.
He divides his principles into four working principles and six fundamental principles. His four working principles are Pragmatism, which is a proposed course of action which must work towards the most loving end.
Relativism, which as explained before, has no fixed rules, however it does contain one, which is to include love in all decisions. Positivism, which is an article of faith that love is the greatest good. The last is Personalism, which states that people come first and morality must be centred around people.
His second proposition was that Jesus replaced the torah with the principle of love, as he took the decision to heal work on the Sabbath day which must be kept holy.
Jesus broke this commandment and love replaced it. It is with examples such as these that Fletcher argues that Jesus was a situationist. It is an unconditional love which requires nothing in return. This says that love is to be the final end in all moral decision making.
There are many examples of situations where breaking of Christian rules has done be done in order to do the most loving action for the situation. One of them is: A mentally unstable woman is raped in an asylum by another inmate.
In this case, Fletcher would argue that to have an abortion would infact be the most loving things to do, even though in Christianity it may be seen as a wrong act. Situation ethics is flexible and can accommodate even Christian believers, as well as enabling people to be true to their emotional and rational feelings, without being subjected to absolutist codes.
Not only is it individual to every person but it is a straightforward formulation, anyone can understand and act upon it.
Selflessness and love are the important features of most moral codes, therefore the end results should benefit others. Even though it can relate to Christianity, many Christians today reject the theory stating that knowing what the right thing to do in every situation is impossible.
In the world today people are too focussed on self benefit to follow such a theory. So although if practised world wide situation ethics could be a significant moral theory, unfortunately today the idea is idealistic and the chances of people practicing it faithfully are low.
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Essay about Explain Kants Theory of Ethics A: Explain Kant’s theory of ethics Kant was born in , he was a German thinker from East Prussia (now Russia), and he spent his whole life in . Situation Ethics as a relativistic and teleological theory can, to a certain extent, work in society.
Situation ethics is a theory in which agape love must be reached through the consequence of an action. This theory was developed by Joseph Fletcher.
Situation Ethics as a relativistic theory is.
Essay 1 Write an essay based on any of the topics covered in class during the period of week 1 and week 6. Paper must be between 2 and 3 pages (excluding cover page, annexes, and reference page). Cultural Relativism Theory We will write a custom essay sample on Cultural Relativism Theory and Virtue ethics [ ].
Ethical Relativism: the Hands-off Theory Ethical relativism is a simple concept. It is defined as the idea that ethical values are relative to the culture in which they are found.
As exemplified in Hinman’s Ethics, a businessman in different parts of the world may use a bribe in order to reach an agreement with an associate, whereas in America, bribes are frowned upon and often illegal.
Ethical relativism is the theory that holds that morality is relative to the norms of one's culture. That is, whether an action is right or wrong depends on the moral norms of the society in which it is practiced.