Etymology[ edit ] The country's place name Sudan is a name given to a geographical region to the south of the Saharastretching from Western Africa to eastern Central Africa. Initially, the term "Sudanese" had a negative connotation in the Arabized Sudan due to its association with black African slaves. The idea of "Sudanese" nationalism goes back to the s and s, when it was popularized by young intellectuals.
On 30 AugustSudan filled its first tanker-load of oil. A gigantic pipeline snaking up from oilfields over kilometres into the African hinterland was at last disgorgingbarrels a day of crude oil at a nearly-completed marine terminal near Port Sudan, on the Red Sea.
It offered fulfilment of countless promises of oil wealth that had been repeated to the Sudanese people by their rulers over the last quarter of a century. Billions of dollars had been invested, first in exploration, then pipeline, refinery and terminal construction.
Their critics replied that if it did join OPEC it would be politically insignificant alongside the major producers. Better parallels would be with the repression, sabotage, corruption and pollution encountered in Burma, Colombia or the Niger Delta.
Just three weeks later, on 20 Septemberopponents of Sudan's military regime blew a hole in the newly-completed pipeline. The explosion took place just outside the town of Atbara, the centre of Sudan's railway industry, on the river Nile above Khartoum.
The location is important because - if one believed the oil companies or the government - it was so unlikely. Atbara is in the heart of supposedly peaceful northern Sudan, km away from the officially acknowledged civil war zone of the south.
Southern Sudanese have long felt that they were being cheated of the potential oil wealth, which was already a major factor when the civil war rekindled, way back in But the September blast showed the real strength of anti-government feeling - and determination to halt the oil project - among Muslim northerners, too.
The attack shattered the calculated charm of the government's recent public relations efforts. It began issuing threats to neighbouring Egypt and Eritrea, demanding that they expel the opposition's leaders there, while arresting opponents and lashing out at the local press.
They had claimed for years that the only risk to their project was in the southern war zone, and that peace was in any case close at hand.
Now they were under greater pressure than ever to talk to the banned opposition, which had long since declared their installations throughout the country to be military targets. However, their tone remained defiant. Just a public relations failure, they said.
It is clear that more damage to the pipe is anticipated and taken into account in the project plans. Not so clear who cleans up the mess. Talisman's plans are too "sensitive" to disclose in public.
Talisman said the Atbara explosion was a "minor incident"; repairs were underway and no disruption to production or tanker filling was anticipated. It took six days to repair the pipe and get the oil flowing again. For the government, the pipeline symbolises its purported openness and seriousness about democratic reform.
That message is for Western and Arab business and diplomatic consumption; for most Sudanese, the NIF continues to preside over a regime of war, politically created famine, religious persecution and torture.
Sudan's oil-rush has long been bloodier and messier than its defenders would like the world to believe, and systematic destruction and relocation of communities are part and parcel of the oil project.
People in the areas around the militarised oil installations and the pipeline route have been subjected to devastating attacks by government forces for years.
They are being driven from their homes by air-raids and bombardment, and by militias supported by the government, resulting in horrendous suffering.
The former UN Human Rights Rapporteur who worked on Sudan for years, Dr Gaspar Biro, has commented that if the oil companies don't know what is going on, they're not looking over the fences of their compounds.
Nonetheless, along with Canada, China and Malaysia, European countries are increasingly involved in Sudan's oil project. They are ignoring the role it plays in the conflict and instead casting it in a favourable light.
And the European Union seems to be doing the same. The collision caused extensive folds along a large fault, the Keraf suture, extending for thousands of miles to the Red Sea, and the deformation process is thought to have shaped the S-bend in the Nile.America’s Fling With the Kurds Could Cause Turkey and NATO to Split Critics are alarmed by Ankara's turn toward Russia and "who lost Turkey" talk is in the air.
It is almost two years since South Sudan split from Sudan to become the world's newest country. Sudan's president Omar al-Bashir has announced an amnesty for all political prisoners held in Sudan and has released a number of them accused of links with southern rebels.
South Sudan (/ s uː ˈ d æ n, -ˈ d ɑː n / (listen)), officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa. The country gained its independence from the Republic of the Sudan in , making it the newest country with widespread recognition. Its capital and largest city is Juba..
South Sudan is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east.
United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNAMIS) personnel guard South Sudanese people displaced by recent fighting in Jabel, on the outskirts of capital Juba on Dec. 23, Croatia's second-largest city, Split (Spalato in Italian) is a great place to see Dalmatian life as it’s really lived.
BY JUSTIN S. KWAJE, MAR/25/, SSN; Bona Malwal, once a long-time antagonist of the late Dr John Garang De Mabior and the anti- separatist of South Sudan, emerged from his hiding place in Sudan only to come to the USA purportedly having been sent by President Salva Kiir with messages of hate against the Nuer. South Sudan (/ s uː ˈ d æ n, -ˈ d ɑː n / (listen)), officially known as the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in East-Central Africa. The country gained its independence from the Republic of the Sudan in , making it the newest country with widespread recognition. Its capital and largest city is Juba.. South Sudan is bordered by Sudan to the north, Ethiopia to the east. But if Sudan's history makes dividing the nation seem an obvious solution, drawing a line in the sand is not as easy as it sounds. Northerners can be dark-skinned, southerners can be Muslim, and the southern capital, Juba, is the southernmost Arabic-speaking town in the world.
Always buzzing, this exuberant city has just the right balance between tradition and modernity. Jul 12, · Best Answer: Sudan is a country ruled by Arabic Muslims. But the vast majority of South Sudanese people either practice traditional religions or follow Christianity, and are not Arabic.
The only reason they were in the same country in the first place is European stupidity during Post World War II Status: Resolved.