Sparta went through mostly war based for thier education, ButAthenians had a good education in music, art, and reading Share to: How do you compare Athens and Sparta?
Democracy in Athens was refined under the leadership of Pericles. This was a war for freedom, and the Greeks would continue on, free from Persian rule. The Persian Wars was one of the rare times that several Greek city-states cooperated for the sake of all Greek people.
Not since the Trojan War, years earlier, had the Greeks joined together. Greece would go on to great achievements, especially Athens.
One of the most spectacular achievements in Athens during this time was the rebuilding of the Parthenon, a temple dedicated to Athena on the Acropolis. When we talk about the accomplishments of the Greeks in the Classical Period, we are really talking about Athens. The polis of Athens prospered after the defeat of the Persians in BC.
As you read in the last chapter, Athens had a fleet of over warships.
This large fleet, a result of the Persian Wars, was something new to the Greek world. No polis had ever possessed a navy as large as the Athenian navy. It was the Athenians who contributed most of the Greek warships at the Battle of Salamis.
The Delian League The Ionian city-states gained their independence after the Persian Wars, however, the threat of a Persian attack was real. Greek city-states in and around the Aegean Sea needed protection, and Athens was the logical protector, with its large navy.
Athens also depended on trade routes throughout the Aegean Sea and into the Black Sea for grain to feed its large population. The allies, around Greek cities, met on the Island of Delos, the supposed birth-place of Apollo.
Athens was made the leader of the league. Each member had to pay money to a common treasurywhich was held in a bank on the Island of Delos, or contribute ships and crew to the league navy. The alliance was intended to keep the Greek allies free from Persian rule, and make Persia pay for the damages they caused during the Persian Wars.
It was now clear that Athens ruled the Aegean Sea. No power, including the Persians, could now challenge Athens' navy. InXerxes and the Persian army razed the city of Athens, the temple on top of the Acropolis was robbed and destroyed.
After the Persian Wars, the Athenians set out to rebuild their city, including surrounding the city with stone walls.Sparta and Athens were both Greek city states that dominated ancient Greece during the fifth century BCE.
Each city state had at least a partially elected government and a strong military, and both relied on the labor of slaves. Start studying Presentation 8: Classical Greece ( BC) Part I: Athens, Sparta, and the Persian Wars. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
By BC, Athens had become the most populous city-state in Hellas. In Athens and Attica, there were at least , Athenians, around 50, aliens, and more than , slaves.
A Military Comparison Between the years of B.C. and B.C., the nation known today as Greece was merely a collection of unallied city-states. The two most powerful and best-known of those city-states were Athens and Sparta. The Greco-Persian Wars Probable Spartan hoplite (Vix crater, c BC).
The Spartan king Demaratus had been stripped of his kingship in BC, Sparta and Athens had a leading role in the congress but the interests of all the states influenced defensive strategy. Sparta, also known as Lacedaemon, was an ancient Greek city-state located primarily in the present-day region of southern Greece called Laconia.